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Given that the cadmium (Cd) toxicity could be due to its interference with the calcium (Ca) homeostasis, the aim of this work was to study the effect of Cd over the presence, distribution and volume density (Vv) of Ca and Ca-ATPase in the secretory cells of the pars preconvoluta (PPC) and the pars convoluta (pc) in . The severe effect of the xenobiotic (CdCl 2.5 mg/kg) in sexually matured females was evaluated. Co-localization as well as a marked reduction of Ca and Ca-ATPase was observed in treated animals, in the areas analyzed, compared to control. Low calcium deposits were found in the secreting granules (SG) of the epithelial (ESC) and glandular secretory cells (GSC), while an increase in their cytoplasm and intracellular space was observed. The Ca-ATPase in treated and control animals was detected at the SG and the plasmatic membrane of the ESC and GSC. In relation to the Vv estimates, a substantial reduction of Ca deposits and Ca-ATPase activity was observed in the treated group, with respect to the control. Both amounts of Vv of Ca and Ca-ATPase activity were higher in PPC than in pc, and, higher in ESC than in GSC. These results were associated with the Cd concentration in the oviductal PC, determining that it is a bioaccumulator organ. Thus, in this work was demonstrated that the Cd interacted with Ca-ATPase, leading to an increase of cytosolic Ca, which is responsible for the possible disruptions in cellular metabolism.
PMID: 31364914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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