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Grain consumption and risk of gastric cancer: a meta-analysis.

著者 Wang T , Zhan R , Lu J , Zhong L , Peng X , Wang M , Tang S
Int J Food Sci Nutr.2019 Jul 17 ; ():1-12.
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This study evaluated the relationship between grain consumption and the risk of gastric cancer. A total of 19 studies met the inclusion criteria. For whole grain consumption, there was a 13% reduction in the risk of gastric cancer ( = .003), and a subgroup analysis showed that a large amount of whole grain consumption reduced the risk of gastric cancer by 44% ( < .001). For refined grain consumption, there was a 36% increase in the risk of gastric cancer ( < .001); a subgroup analysis showed that a large and a moderate amount of refined grain consumption increased the risk of gastric cancer by 63% ( < .001) and 28% ( < .001), respectively. A large intake of whole grains might be protective against gastric cancer, whereas the ingestion of refined cereals may be a risk factor for gastric cancer. Moreover, the risk of cancer increases with the increase of refined grain intake.
PMID: 31314629 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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