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Macrophage polarization has been reported to induce podocyte injury, which is a typical characteristic of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Trichosanthes kirilowii is an herb showing renal protective effect as well as immune-regulating effect. Therefore, it was hypothesized that the renal protective effect of Trichosanthes kirilowii was associated with its modulation on macrophage polarization. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis by subjecting DN rats to treatment of Trichosanthes kirilowii lectin (TKL), an active component of Trichosanthes kirilowii.
PMID: 30396096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]