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Vonoprazan-based regimens have improved the rate of successful Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication, but it has not reached 100%. The aim of this study is to clarify significant predictors of successful H. pylori eradication using a vonoprazan-based regimen. In this retrospective cohort study, 174 patients who underwent primary H. pylori eradication therapy were included. All patients underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy before treatment. The vonoprazan-based regimen includes amoxicillin 750 mg, clarithromycin 200 mg and vonoprazan 20 mg twice daily for one week. Pre-treatment with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) was defined as continued PPI use for more than four weeks prior to eradication therapy. The rates of successful eradication were 83% (145/174) in intention-to-treat analysis and 85% (145/171) in per-protocol analysis. Predictors of successful eradication among 171 patients were evaluated in per-protocol analysis. In univariate analysis, male gender was a significant positive predictor of successful eradication (odds ratio [OR] 3.813, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.363-10.663, p = 0.010) and pre-treatment with PPIs was a negative predictor (OR 0.193, 95%CI 0.076-0.485, p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, male gender remained a positive predictor (OR 3.826, 95%CI 1.317-11.116, p = 0.013), and pre-treatment with PPIs (OR 0.232, 95%CI 0.087-0.615, p = 0.003) remained a negative predictor. In conclusion, pre-treatment with PPIs before eradication therapy decreases the rate of successful eradication. Therefore, it may be desirable to discontinue pre-treatment with PPIs prior to eradication therapy, because of the potential to improve the rate of successful eradication.
PMID: 30041763 [PubMed - in process]