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アンモニア合成速度を2倍に 大分大が新触媒 (日本経済新聞)

■大分大学 永岡勝俊准教授らは化学肥料などの原料となるアンモニアを、低い気圧でも従来の2倍の速さで合成できる技術を開発した。化学反応を促す触媒を新たに作った。ア...

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The risk factors for nosocomial infection in chinese patients with active rheumatoid arthritis in shanghai.

著者 Xie WL , Li ZL , Xu Z , Qu HR , Xue L , Su X , Wei QH , Wang H , Li MY , Zhao FT , Jiang LD , Zhang J , Wan WG , Dai M , Yang CD , Guan JL , Su L , Zhao DB , He DY , Xu HJ , Zou HJ , Bao CD
ISRN Rheumatol.2012 ; 2012():215692.
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Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

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Objective. To analyse the potential risk factors of nosocomial infections in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. A total of 2452 active RA patients at Hospitals in Shanghai between January 2009 and February 2011 were analyzed. Their demographic and clinical characteristics were compared with those without infection, and the potential risk factors were determined by logistic regression analysis. Results. Multivariate analysis indicated the gender (OR = 0.70, 95% CI 0.53-0.92), duration in hospital (OR = 1.03 , 95%CI 1.01-1.05), number of organs involved (OR = 0.82, 95%CI 0.72-0.92), number of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs ((DMARDs) (OR = 1.22, 95%CI 1.061-1.40)), corticosteroid therapy (OR = 1.02, 95%CI 1.01-1.03), peripheral white blood cell counts ((WBC) (OR = 1.04, 95%CI 1.00-1.08)), levels of serum albumin (OR = 0.98, 95%CI 0.97-0.99), and C-reactive protein ((CRP) (OR = 1.03 , 95%CI 1.01-1.04)) that were significantly associated with the risk of infections. Conclusion. The female patients, longer hospital stay, more organs involved, more DMARDs, corticosteroid usage, high counts of WBC, lower serum albumin, and higher serum CRP were independent risk factors of infections in active RA patients.
PMID: 22548187 [PubMed - in process]
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