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In April 1989 an acoustic experiment was carried out over the abyssal plain south of Madeira in which transmissions were made, for about an hour, at 482, 680, and 740 Hz from a ship steaming at 5 Kn to a receiving array towed by another ship 65 km away traveling on a parallel course at the same speed. The signals arrived by two paths, an upper path trapped in the surface duct and a lower path via the main sound channel. This paper describes the experiment and analyses of the intensity fluctuations in the signal received by the lower path. This allows the authors to investigate the horizontal structure of acoustic intensity fluctuations in the ocean when these are due principally to internal waves. This aspect of such acoustic intensity fluctuations has received little attention until now. The experimental results are compared with theoretical predictions based on the parabolic moment equations for propagation and scattering in randomly irregular media, and on the standard Garrett-Munk model for ocean internal waves. The experimental results and theoretical predictions agree quite well but the comparison also raises some new questions, in particular, about the correlation of intensity fluctuations as the acoustic transmission frequency is varied.
PMID: 19062836 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]