Interactions between D1 and D2 dopamine receptor family agonists and antagonists: the effects of chronic exposure on behavior and receptor binding in rats and their clinical implications.
, Laruelle M
, Mouradian MM
Language Section, Voice Speech and Language Branch, NIDCD, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, U.S.A.
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Functional interactions between dopamine receptor subtypes may affect behavioral and biochemical responses which serve as models for neuropsychiatric illnesses and the clinical effects of drug therapy. We evaluated the effects of chronic exposure to the selective D1 receptor antagonist SCH 23390, and the selective D2 receptor antagonist metoclopramide, on spontaneous and drug-induced behavior and receptor density in rats, and then determined how these effects would be modified by concurrent administration of antagonists or agonists [SKF 38393, LY 171555 (quinpirole)] selective for the complementary receptor subtype. Administered alone, both the D1 and D2 antagonists had acute cataleptic effects to which animals became tolerant following chronic treatment, but the selective antagonists had opposing effects on spontaneous locomotor activity. Both antagonists produced equivalent, supersensitive behavioral responses to apomorphine, and resulted in an increase in D2 receptor density. Coadministration of the D1 and D2 antagonists had a synergistic effect on catalepsy, attenuated the effects on spontaneous locomotor activity observed with either drug alone, and had an additive effect on both apomorphine-induced stereotypic behavior and D2 receptor proliferation. On the other hand, when either selective antagonist was combined with the agonist selective for the complementary receptor subtype, both D2 receptor proliferation and behavioral supersensitivity were completely blocked. Combined antagonist-agonist treatments had opposing effects on the development of tolerance to antagonist-induced catalepsy. D2 - but not D1 - receptor densities were correlated with animals' behavioral responses to apomorphine. There results support and extend the notion that complex functional interactions between D1 and D2 receptor families occur within the central nervous system, and suggest that novel effects might be derived from combined administration of receptor selective agonists and antagonists.
PMID: 9295170 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]