The mechanisms of vascular thrombosis and pregnancy loss in the antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome are unknown. Levels of annexin V, a phospholipid-binding protein with potent anticoagulant activity, are markedly reduced on placental villi from women with this syndrome. Hypercoagulability in such women may therefore be due to the reduction of surface-bound annexin V by antiphospholipid antibodies. To test this idea, we studied how antiphospholipid antibodies affect levels of annexin V on cultured trophoblasts and human umbilical-vein endothelial cells and how they affect the procoagulant activity of these cells.
PMID: 9219701 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]