An optical colorimetric and smartphone-integrated paper device (SIPD) is demonstrated for determination of As (III) in water and soil samples using sucrose modified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs/Suc) as a nanoprobe. The mechanism for determination of As(III) is experimentally validated by performing UV-Vis, transmission electron microscope (TEM), Fourier transforms infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements. The density function theory (DFT) calculations using B3LYP with 6-311G (2d,2p) and LANL2DZ basis sets is used to theoretically prove the mechanism for determination of As(III). In addition, the paper fabricated with AuNPs/SuC was used as a nanoprobe for quantitative determination of As(III) using smartphone and ImageJ software. Calibration plot was linear over 10-800 μgL for colorimetric determination of As(III) with limit of detection (LOD) of 4 μgL acquired when the absorbance ratio obtained at 594 nm/515 nm. The linearity range of 50-3000 μgL with LOD of 20 μgL was determined using smartphone-integrated paper device. AuNPs/Suc is successfully employed for determination of As (III) from contaminated water and soil samples in colorimetry and SIPD. Graphical abstractColorimetric and Smartphone-integrated paper device used for selective detection of arsenic from contaminated water samples using sucrose modified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs/Suc) as a sensing probe.
PMID: 32072273 [PubMed - in process]