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Tomato green waste biochars as sustainable trivalent chromium sorbents.

著者 Mokrzycki J , Michalak I , Rutkowski P
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int.2019 Dec 26 ; ():.
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Chromium removal from aqueous solutions has gained attention due to its hazardous impact on life organisms. In the present study, sorption processes were performed to examine the opportunity to apply biochar derived from waste tomato leaves and stems for Cr(III) ion removal. Biochars were produced through pyrolysis in a wide range of temperature (250-800 °C). The obtained biochars were investigated in detail by means of ultimate and proximate analyses, pH point of zero charge, FT-IR, scanning electron microscopy, and mercury porosimetry. Biochars are characterized by high amount of ash varying from 23 to 44% and as a result high pHpzc values of about 13. It was proven that increasing pyrolysis temperature positively affected sorption of Cr(III) ions. Mineral matter in the biochars plays a crucial role in the removal of Cr(III) ions from aqueous solution mainly due to their precipitation. The sorption capacity of biochar produced at 800 °C was 169.5 mg g, whereas at 250 °C only 62.2 mg g. It was found that biochar can be reused in sorption process after desorption using 0.1 M HCl, while the sorption capacity decreased 4-fold.
PMID: 31879878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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