絞り込み

16643

広告

IFN-γ inhibits 5-HT-induced melanin biosynthesis via downregulation of 5-HT receptors in vivo/in vitro.

著者 Cai M , Zhou L , Liao J , Huang Q , Xia Z , Shang J
J Pharmacol Sci.2019 Jun 01 ; ():.
この記事をPubMed上で見るPubMedで表示
この記事をGoogle翻訳上で見る Google翻訳で開く

スターを付ける スターを付ける     (5view , 0users)

Full Text Sources

Hypopigmentation disorders, such as vitiligo, are difficult for treatment due to complicated pathogenesis, resulting from multiple factors including neural and immune elements. 5-HT and IFN-γ both play crucial roles in these skin diseases. However, the interactions between 5-HT and IFN-γ in regulation of melanogenesis is still unknown. Our study aimed at exploring whether IFN-γ affects 5-HT-induced melanogenesis and searching the mechanism. In our study, IFN-γ attenuated 5-HT-induced pigmentation and green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression in zebrafishes. In addition, we found that IFN-γ decreased serum serotonin levels as well as the cutaneous expression of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1), 5-HT1A receptor (5-HT1AR) and 5-HT1B receptor (5-HT1BR) in C57BL/6 mice. Moreover, IFN-γ attenuated 5-HT-induced melanin biosynthesis as well as the expression of 5-HT1AR, 5-HT1BR and 5-HT2A receptor (5-HT2AR) in B16F10 cells, which blocked by interferon-γ receptor 1 and interferon-γ receptor 2 (IFNGR1/IFNGR2) antibodies. In summary, IFN-γ not only affects melanogenesis alone, but also inhibits 5-HT response on melanin biosynthesis. Mediated by IFNGR1/IFNGR2, IFN-γ downregulated 5-HT receptors expression, which directly affect 5-HT-induced melanin biosynthesis. Our work may give insights into the drug development of hypopigmentation disorders with neuro-immune derangement.
PMID: 31519333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
印刷用ページを開く Endnote用テキストダウンロード