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Delayed audiogenic seizure development in a genetic rat model is associated with overactivation of ERK1/2 and disturbances in glutamatergic signaling.

著者 Chernigovskaya EV , Korotkov AA , Dorofeeva NA , Gorbacheva EL , Kulikov AA , Glazova MV
Epilepsy Behav.2019 Sep 04 ; 99():106494.
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Krushinsky-Molodkina (KM) rats genetically prone to audiogenic seizure are characterized by age-dependent expression of audiogenic seizures (AGS). It is known that the critical period of enhanced seizure susceptibility in rodents occurs at 2nd-3rd weeks of postnatal development. However, KM rats do not express AGS at this time-point, but start to demonstrate a stable AGS only after the age of 3 months. We hypothesized that this delay in AGS susceptibility in KM rats is genetically determined and may depend on some alterations in the development of the hippocampal glutamatergic system during the early postnatal period. We analyzed the expression and activity of seizure-related proteins, such as vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (VGLUT2), extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), synapsin I, and NR2B subunit of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NR2B) in the hippocampus of KM rats during postnatal development. A significantly higher activity of ERK1/2 in KM rats was observed at 14th, 30th, and 60th days of postnatal development (P14, P30, P60) in comparison with control Wistar rats of the corresponding ages, while in adult (P120) KM rats it was at the same level with Wistar rats. Despite the increased activity of ERK1/2 at P14 and P30, the phosphorylation of synapsin I at Ser62/67 was significantly lower in the hippocampus of KM rats than in Wistar rats of the same ages; however, at P60 and P120, the phosphorylation of synapsin I was enhanced. Our data also revealed the increase of VGLUT2 and NR2B expression at P14, which dramatically decreased at the later stages. Our data indicate that a genetically determined increase in ERK1/2 kinase activity during postnatal ontogenesis in KM rats may be associated with the disturbances in synthesis and activity of the proteins, which are responsible for glutamatergic transmission in the KM rat hippocampus during the seizure susceptibility development.
PMID: 31493733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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