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The matter of fluoroquinolone residues in various foods still arouses wide public concern nowadays. In the present work, the strategy of excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence data coupled with second-order calibration method based on alternating normalization-weighted error (ANWE) algorithm was used to determine ofloxacin, lomefloxacin and ciprofloxacin in milk powder, milk and beef. Owning the unique "second-order advantage", the ANWE-assisted analytical method was proved to successfully and eco-friendly resolve the overlapped fluorescence spectra of multi-component in complex food matrixes without tedious pretreatment steps and sophisticated high-cost instrumentations. The feasibility of the proposed method was validated by experiments. The average spiked recoveries of three fluoroquinolones range from 82.6% to 110.5% with relative standard deviations lower than 7.4%, and the limits of detection range from 0.18 and 2.41 ng mL. For further evaluation, analytical figures of merit such as sensitivity and selectivity, as well as the RSDs of intra-day (≦10.6%) and inter-day (≦9.4%) were calculated. The satisfactory analytical results demonstrated that the proposed strategy could be a competitive alternative for simple, rapid and simultaneous determination of multiple fluoroquinolones in animal-derived food samples.
PMID: 31437766 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]