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A class I fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase is associated with salt stress tolerance in a halotolerant cyanobacterium halothece sp. PCC 7418.

著者 Patipong T , Ngoennet S , Honda M , Hibino T , Waditee-Sirisattha R , Kageyama H
Arch Biochem Biophys.2019 Jul 26 ; ():.
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Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (FBA) is a key metabolic enzyme, which is involved in glycolysis, gluconeogenesis and the Calvin cycle. The distinct physiological roles of FBAs in various organisms have been reported; however, in cyanobacteria, the functional characterization of FBAs and investigation of the intracellular dynamics of FBAs largely remains unknown. Here, we utilized a two-step chromatographic technique to identify a class I FBA (CI-FBA), which we named H2846. H2846 was induced by salt stress in the halotolerant cyanobacterium Halothece sp. PCC 7418 (hereafter referred to as Halothece 7418). Phylogenetic analysis showed that H2846-like CI-FBAs existed mainly in cyanobacterial species that inhabit hypersaline environments. Subcellular fractionation revealed that H2846 localized in the cytosolic and periplasmic spaces and size-exclusion chromatography suggested that H2846 formed a homohexamer. The CI-FBA activity of recombinant H2846-mediated cleavage of fructose bisphosphate (FBP) was characterized using a coupled enzymatic assay. This analysis allowed us to determine the K and V values of recombinant H2846, which were then compared to previously reported K and V values of several FBAs. Our data suggested that H2846 was likely responsible for the salt stress-induced CI-FBA activity from the total soluble protein extracts derived from Halothece 7418 cells. Moreover, heterologous expression of H2846 but not H2847, a class II FBA (CII-FBA), conferred salt stress tolerance to the salt-sensitive freshwater cyanobacterium, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, which only contains the CII-FBA, S1443. S. elongatus PCC 7942 with a S1443 gene deletion was complemented by H2847 expression, but was not complemented by expression of H2846. Taken together, these results indicate the functional differences between two distinct sets of FBAs in cyanobacteria. H2846 is an active CI-FBA that contributes to the mechanism of salt stress tolerance in Halothece 7418.
PMID: 31356779 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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