Proline-serine-threonine-phosphatase-interacting protein 2 (PSTPIP2) is related to inflammation. In this study, we investigated the function of PSTPIP2 in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) by using adeno-associated virus (AAV) to overexpress PSTPIP2 in rat. AIA rats were developed by injecting Lewis rats with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) on day 0. AAV-empty or AAV-PSTPIP2, or PBS was administered intraarticularly into each knee joint on day 8 postinduction. All animals were killed at day 18 after adjuvant injection. WB was used to detect the expression of PSTPIP2 in rat synovial tissues. Fluorescence microscopy showed the transduction efficiency in synovial tissue. The morphology of arthritic joints was examined by HE, safranin O/fast green, or Toluidine blue staining. The bone destruction was examined via X-ray and micro-CT analysis. Immunohistochemical analysis or TRAP staining were used to investigate the role of PSTPIP2 in osteoclasts and the expression of PSTPIP2 in synovial tissue. RT-qPCR and ELISA were used to examine the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in synovial tissue or serum. AIA rats were found to have decreased PSTPIP2 expression and AIA-associated bone loss and inflammatory infiltration. We showed that administration of AAV-PSTPIP2 before arthritis onset significantly reduces the severity of AIA. PSTPIP2 was highly expressed in synovial cells. In addition, inflammatory responses and the number of osteoclasts were reduced with AAV-PSTPIP2 treatment. These findings demonstrate that PSTPIP2 may improve the severity of AIA by inhibiting the function of fibroblast-like synoviocytes, suppressing inflammation and reducing the number of osteoclasts.
PMID: 31325437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]