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The study was carried out to evaluate the pharmacokinetic disposition of enrofloxacin (ENF) with a single dose of 20 mg/kg after oral administration in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) at 28°C. The concentrations of ENF and of its metabolite ciprofloxacin (CIP) in plasma, liver, and muscle plus skin in natural proportions were determined using HPLC. The concentration-time data for ENF in plasma were best described by a two-compartment open model. After oral administration, the maximum ENF concentration (C ) of 10.99 μg/ml was obtained at 0.60 hr. The absorption half-life (T ) of ENF was calculated to be 0.07 hr whereas the elimination half-life (T ) of the drug was 90.79 hr. The estimates of area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) and apparent volume of distribution (Vd/F) were 1,185.73 μg hr/ml and 2.21 L/kg, respectively. ENF residues were slowly depleted from the liver and muscle plus skin of largemouth bass with the T of 124.73 and 115.14 hr, respectively. Very low levels of ciprofloxacin were detected in the plasma and tissues. A withdrawal time of 24 days was necessary to ensure that the residues of ENF + CIP in muscle plus skin were less than the maximal residue limit (MRL) of 100 μg/kg established by the European Union.
PMID: 31325172 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]