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Lung cancer is the most common malignancy in China and is associated with a poor survival rate amongst Han Chinese. The high mortality is largely attributed to late-stage diagnosis, when treatment is largely ineffective. Identification of genetic variants could potentially assist with earlier diagnosis and thus more effective treatment. The development and progression of lung cancer is stimulated by angiopoietin-2 (Ang2), a ligand for Tie2, an endothelial tyrosine kinase. Patients with lung cancer with higher serum Ang2 levels have significantly poorer survival than patients with lower serum Ang2 levels. We explored the effects of Ang2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on lung cancer susceptibility. We used lung cancer tissue and serum samples to measure Ang2 expression in a Chinese Han population. Five Ang2 SNPs (rs2442598, rs734701, rs1823375, 11137037, and rs12674822) were analyzed using TaqMan SNP genotyping in 695 patients with lung cancer and 900 cancer-free controls. Carriers of the variant GT allele of rs12674822 had a higher risk of lung cancer than wild-type (GG) carriers, while the presence of the CC genotype at rs11137037 was associated with higher clinical stage disease compared with having the AA genotype. Our study is the first to document a correlation between Ang2 polymorphisms and lung cancer development and progression in people of Chinese Han ethnicity.
PMID: 31281470 [PubMed]