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Lithium Deficiencies Engineering in Li-Rich Layered Oxide Li1.098Mn0.533Ni0.113Co0.138O2 for High Stability Cathode.

著者 Liu P , Zhang H , He W , Xiong T , Cheng Y , Xie Q , Ma Y , Zheng H , Wang L , Zhu ZZ , Peng Y , Mai L , Peng DL
J Am Chem Soc.2019 Jun 15 ; ():.
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Li-rich layered oxides have been on focus because of their high specific capacity. However, they usually suffer from poor kinetics, severe voltage decay and capacity fading. Herein, a long-neglected Li-deficient method is demonstrated to address these problems by simply reducing the lithium content. Appropriate lithium vacancies can improve dynamics features, induce in-situ surface spinel coating and nickel doping in the bulk. Therefore, the elaborately designed Li1.098Mn0.533Ni0.113Co0.138O2 cathode possesses improved initial Coulombic efficiency, excellent rate capability, largely suppressed voltage decay and outstanding long-term cycling stability. Specifically, it shows a superior capacity retention of 93.1% after 500 cycles at 1 C (250 mA g-1) with respect to the initial discharge capacity (193.9 mA h g-1) and the average voltage still exceeds 3.1 V. In addition, the discharge capacity at 10 C can be as high as 132.9 mA h g-1. More importantly, Li-deficient cathode can also serve as a prototype for further performance enhancement as there are plenty of vacancies.
PMID: 31203612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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