Olefin Amine (OLA) Reagents for the Synthesis of Bridged Bicyclic and Spirocyclic Saturated N-Heterocycles by Catalytic HAT Reactions.
, Bode JW
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Spiro- and bridged bicyclic structures are in demand for their sp3-rich frameworks that offer unique physiochemical properties and precisely positioned substituent groups. In order to rapidly access such molecules in a cross-coupling fashion we describe olefin-amine (OLA) reagents for the transformation of aldehydes and ketones into all three topological types of bicyclic N-heterocycles: bridged, spiro-, and fused rings. The OLA reagents are easily prepared and allow the synthesis of complex molecular frameworks under operationally simple conditions that tolerate a wide array of functional groups. Investigations into the Mn or Fe promoted reaction pathway support a metal hydride hydrogen atom transfer (MH-HAT) to generate a C-centered radical that undergoes addition to an unactivated imine, leading to an N-centered radical. A catalytic cycle featuring regeneration of the metal catalyst by O2 and a second HAT to form the unprotected saturated N-heterocycle appears to be operative.
PMID: 31117673 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]