An electrochemiluminescence (ECL) based method is described for the determination of the activity of the enzyme uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG). It is based on the use of nicking enzyme-assisted signal amplification and catalytic hairpin assembly. UDG can recognize and hydrolyze the uracil bases from the stem of hairpin DNA1 (HP1). This causes the opening of HP1 to form a straight strand DNA. The straight HP1 can hybridize with hairpin DNA2 (HP2) to form a DNA duplex. In the presence of nicking enzyme, it can recognize and cut the specific sequences in the HP2 of the DNA duplex, and a subsequent release of HP1. It hybridizes with other HP2 to trigger the continuous cleavage of HP2, concomitantly generating abundant intermediate sequences (S1). The hairpin DNA3 (HP3) is immobilized on a gold electrode via Au-S chemistry. In the presence of S1, HP3 hybridizes with S1 and its hairpin structure is opened. This hybridization causes displacement from hairpin DNA4 (HP4), and S1 is released to initiate the next hybridization process. Thus, a massive number of HP3-HP4 duplexes is generated after the cyclic process. Subsequently, the cDNA modified on bio-bar-coded AuNP-CdSe quantum dots are immobilized on the electrode by hybridization with the redundant part of the opened HP4. This results in a significant amplification of the ECL signal. This biosensor is sensitive and selective for UDG. The detection limit is 6 mU·mL and the dynamic range extends from 0.02 to 22 U·mL. The method was applied to real samples and gained good performance, thereby providing an ideal way for DNA repair enzyme-related biomedical research and diagnosis. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) detection of uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) based on nicking enzyme assisted signal amplification and catalyzed hairpin assembly. The bio-barcoded Au NP-CdSe QDs serve as the ECL signal probes to achieve a significantly signal amplification.
PMID: 30771006 [PubMed - in process]