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A sensitive quantitative liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay for afatinib in rat plasma was developed and validated using afatinib dimaleate as a standard. The analyte was determined to be ionized using the positive ion multiple reaction monitoring mode through electrospraying on an AB Sciex Triple Quad™ 4500 system. Protein precipitation was used for sample preparation, and an Agilent Eclipse XDB-CN column (100 × 2.1 mm, 3.5 μm) was applied for chromatographic separation. The mobile phase was water and methanol (15:85, v/v) containing 0.1% formic acid with a ﬂow rate of 0.5 mL/min. The linear range was 0.5-200 ng/mL, with r = 0.9994 ± 0.0004 calculated from linear regression, with 1/x as the weighting factor for the calibration. The average recovery of the plasma samples was stable and reproducible. The analyte is sufficiently stable for handling and analysis. The pharmacokinetic study and comparison were performed by analyzing plasma concentrations in rats administered afatinib solution or prepared afatinib liposomes using the developed determination method. The C of the afatinib liposomes was nearly 400-fold higher than that of the afatinib solution. These results indicate that liposome-encapsulation protected afatinib from endogenous protein binding, thereby reducing the risk of idiosyncratic drug reactions by protein adducts. Thus, Afatinib liposomes seem to be a promising strategy for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.
PMID: 30390560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]