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There is no consensus on an optimal treatment after daily teriparatide (TPTD). We performed a prospective, randomized, open-label, 12-month trial to investigate the efficacy of follow-up treatment after daily TPTD treatment for Japanese patients. Three-hundred patients were enrolled in this study. Patients received oral bisphosphonate (BP) including alendronate (ALN; 35 mg/week) and minodoronate (MINO; 50 mg/month), or subcutaneous denosumab (60 mg/6 month). The primary efficacy measure was bone mineral density (BMD) responses in the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN). Lumbar spine BMD increased by 1.3 ± 5.1% in the ALN subgroups, 0.5 ± 4.6% in the MINO subgroups, and 4.3 ± 3.5% in the denosumab subgroups. Femoral neck BMD increased by 0.7 ± 4.6% in the ALN subgroups, 0.2 ± 4.6% in the MINO subgroups, and 1.4 ± 3.4% in the denosumab subgroups. Lumbar spine BMD increases were significantly greater in the denosumab subgroup than the BP subgroups. There were no significant differences in FN BMD increases among the three subgroups. Lumbar spine BMD increases were significantly greater in the denosumab subgroup than the BP subgroups, whereas FN BMD increases were not significant. Denosumab treatment was more effective in increasing BMD and therefore has the potential benefit of fracture prevention. Further research is warranted to determine the optimal treatment after daily TPTD. © 2018 The Authors. published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
PMID: 30283910 [PubMed]