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As the cost of healthcare continues to escalate, payers are adapting by moving away from models based on traditional fee-for-service reimbursement to models focused on rewarding care delivery that reduces costs and improves quality. These alternative payment models (APMs) are being introduced by government and commercial payers and will likely become the norm over time. Recent changes in sleep medicine related to advances in technology and approaches by payers for the management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) make this an appropriate time to incorporate the delivery of sleep medicine services into APMs. For OSA, the approaches that should lead to success include the appropriate use of: Home sleep apnea testing and auto-PAP; Lower cost providers to manage less complex patients; Evolving technologies including cloud-based PAP adherence monitoring, telemedicine, and internet-based coaching to improve adherence with treatments; Data analytics to better identify high risk populations and to more appropriately allocate resources, and; Appropriate referrals of more complex cases to sleep specialists for management. All of these approaches should improve the value of care for payers, providers and patients while allowing sleep specialists to more appropriately allocate their efforts to overseeing APM program development and administration as well as allowing them to focus on the management of more complicated patients.
PMID: 29981717 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]