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ウマが人の行動を認識するのは「声」と「表情」の関連から (NHK)

移動の足などとして数千年前から家畜化が進んだウマは、人の声と表情の2つを関連づけて人の行動を認識していることが北海道大学などの実験でわかりました。身近な動物が人...

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Ultrastructure of the crayfish antennal gland revealed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy combined with ultrasonic microdissection.

著者 Fuller EG , Highison GJ , Brown F , Bayer C
J Morphol.1989 Apr ; 200(1):9-15.
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The antennal gland of the crayfish Pacifasticus leniusculus was studied using standard techniques for scanning electron microscopy as well as newer procedures for ultrasonic microdissection. To clarify relationships in the nephron tubule, transmission electron microscopy was employed. The coelomosac contains elongated cells (podocytes) displaying microvilli and extensive apical blebbing. A smooth basal lamina lines the blood space that furnishes hemolymph to the coelomosac. The labyrinth consists of tall columnar cells displaying apical microvilli, numerous blebs that seem to represent an expansion of apical plasma membrane, and lateral interdigitations. The nephron tubule consists of two distinctly different areas: a proximal region of flattened cells with extensive intercellular fusions, and a distal segment of separate, dome-shaped cells. Despite many similarities between the crayfish kidney and the vertebrate nephron, there are striking differences. The amount of surface blebbing that occurs in the coelomosac and labyrinth far exceeds that of the vertebrate nephron and may reflect its importance in the function of the crayfish kidney. The cells of the coelomosac are taller than are the vertebrate podocytes and possess less obvious arms and pedicels. In addition, the proximal segment of the nephron tubule is notable for its intercellular fusions, which are not present in the vertebrate nephron. Although the function of the intercellular fusions is unknown, they may play a role in cellular communication or the redistribution of fluids or electrolytes between cells.
PMID: 29865642 [PubMed]
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