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Objective To provide an up-to-date review of the available evidence regarding pharmacotherapeutic management of venous thromboembolic events in the geriatric population. Data Sources A PubMed search of articles published through August 2017 was performed using a combination of the following words: apixaban, betrixaban, dabigatran, edoxaban, enoxaparin, geriatric, heparin, idaricizumab, rivaroxaban, and venous thromboembolism. Study Selection/data Extraction Relevant original research, review articles, and guidelines were assessed for the management of elderly patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). References from the above literature were also evaluated. Articles were selected for inclusion based on relevance to the topic, detailed methods, and complete results. Data Synthesis VTE, which includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is common in the geriatric population. Elderly patients are at high risk for VTE, but management is complicated by comorbidities and a higher risk of bleeding. Until recently, warfarin has been the mainstay of therapy. Newer oral anticoagulants, which include apixaban, dabigatran, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban are now available, but there is limited information on their safety and efficacy in the geriatric population. This article reviews the current literature regarding outcomes and summarizes pharmacotherapeutic management of VTE in the elderly population. Conclusion Appropriate management of pharmacotherapy for VTE can help improve outcomes in elderly patients, and pharmacists can provide guidance and education regarding evidence-based therapy.
PMID: 29789046 [PubMed - in process]