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ウマが人の行動を認識するのは「声」と「表情」の関連から (NHK)

移動の足などとして数千年前から家畜化が進んだウマは、人の声と表情の2つを関連づけて人の行動を認識していることが北海道大学などの実験でわかりました。身近な動物が人...

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A lysosome-plasma membrane-sphingolipid axis linking lysosomal storage to cell growth arrest.

著者 Samarani M , Loberto N , Soldà G , Straniero L , Asselta R , Duga S , Lunghi G , Zucca FA , Mauri L , Ciampa MG , Schiumarini D , Bassi R , Giussani P , Chiricozzi E , Prinetti A , Aureli M , Sonnino S
FASEB J.2018 May 10 ; ():fj201701512RR.
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Lysosomal accumulation of undegraded materials is a common feature of lysosomal storage diseases, neurodegenerative disorders, and the aging process. To better understand the role of lysosomal storage in the onset of cell damage, we used human fibroblasts loaded with sucrose as a model of lysosomal accumulation. Sucrose-loaded fibroblasts displayed increased lysosomal biogenesis followed by arrested cell proliferation. Notably, we found that reduced lysosomal catabolism and autophagy impairment led to an increase in sphingolipids ( i.e., sphingomyelin, glucosylceramide, ceramide, and the gangliosides GM3 and GD3), at both intracellular and plasma membrane (PM) levels. In addition, we observed an increase in the lysosomal membrane protein Lamp-1 on the PM of sucrose-loaded fibroblasts and a greater release of the soluble lysosomal protein cathepsin D in their extracellular medium compared with controls. These results indicate increased fusion between lysosomes and the PM, as also suggested by the increased activity of lysosomal glycosphingolipid hydrolases on the PM of sucrose-loaded fibroblasts. The inhibition of β-glucocerebrosidase and nonlysosomal glucosylceramidase, both involved in ceramide production resulting from glycosphingolipid catabolism on the PM, partially restored cell proliferation. Our findings indicate the existence of a new molecular mechanism underlying cell damage triggered by lysosomal impairment.-Samarani, M., Loberto, N., Soldà, G., Straniero, L., Asselta, R., Duga, S., Lunghi, G., Zucca, F. A., Mauri, L., Ciampa, M. G., Schiumarini, D., Bassi, R., Giussani, P., Chiricozzi, E., Prinetti, A., Aureli, M., Sonnino, S. A lysosome-plasma membrane-sphingolipid axis linking lysosomal storage to cell growth arrest.
PMID: 29746165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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