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Ultrasensitive amperometric aptasensor for the epithelial cell adhesion molecule by using target-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification.

著者 Chen Q , Hu W , Shang B , Wei J , Chen L , Guo X , Ran F , Chen W , Ding X , Xu Y , Wu Y
Mikrochim Acta.2018 Mar 01 ; 185(3):202.
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An amperometric aptasensor is reported for the electrochemical determination of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). It is based on a combination of EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification, the specific recognition of EpCAM aptamer, and its binding to EpCAM. Hairpin probe 1 (Hp1) with a toehold region was modified with a 5'-thiol group (5'-SH) and self-assembled onto the surface of a gold electrode. Upon addition of EpCAM, the probe A (a 15-mer) is liberated from the aptamer/probe A complex and then hybridizes with the toehold domain of Hp1. This results in the exposure of another toehold for further hybridizing with hairpin probe 2 (Hp2) to displace probe A in the presence of Hp2 that was labeled with the electrochemical probe Methylene Blue (MB). Subsequently, liberated probe A is hybridized again with another Hp1 to start the next round of DNA recycling amplification by reusing probe A. This leads to the formation of plenty of MB-labeled DNA strands on the electrode surface and generates an amplified current. This 1:N probe-response amplification results in ultrasensitive and specific detection of EpCAM, with a 20 pg·mLdetection limit. The electrode is highly stable and regenerable. It was successfully applied to the determination of EpCAM in spiked human serum, urine and saliva, and thus provides a promising tool for early clinical diagnosis. Graphical abstract Schematic illustration of the electrochemical detection for EpCAM. The method is based on aptamer-based recognition and EpCAM-driven toehold-mediated DNA recycling amplification. Hp1: Hairpin probe 1; Hp2: Hairpin probe 2; MB: Methylene blue; MCH: 6-Mercapto-1-hexanol; EpCAM: Epithelial cell adhesion molecule.
PMID: 29594643 [PubMed - in process]
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