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Reversible Redox Chemistry of Azo Compounds for Sodium Ion Batteries.

著者 Luo C , Xu GL , Ji X , Hou S , Chen L , Wang F , Jiang J , Chen Z , Ren Y , Amine K , Wang C
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl.2018 Jan 29 ; ():.
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Sustainable sodium ion batteries (SSIBs) using renewable organic electrodes are promising alternatives to lithium ion batteries for large-scale renewable energy storage. However, the lack of high performance anode material impedes the development of SSIBs. Here, we report a new type of organic anode material based on azo group for SSIBs. Azobenzene-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid sodium salt is used as a model to investigate the electrochemical behaviors and reaction mechanism of azo compound. It exhibits a reversible capacity of 170 mAh g-1 at 0.2C. When current density is increased 20C, the reversible capacities of 98 mAh g-1 can be retained for 2000 cycles, demonstrating excellent cycling stability and high rate capability. The detailed characterizations reveal that azo group acts as an electrochemical active site to reversibly bond with Na+. The reversible redox chemistry between azo compound and Na-ion offer opportunities for developing long-cycle-life and high-rate SSIBs.
PMID: 29378088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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