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A giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is one of the giant cell-rich lesions of bone and has to be differentiated from non-ossifying fibroma, aneurysmatic bone cyst, chondroblastoma, "brown tumor" and osteosarcoma containing giant cells. A hallmark of GCTB is the presence of the distinct histone 3 (H3F3A) mutation G34W and its detection either by sequencing methods or using immunohistochemistry with a novel antibody against this mutational site. Worrisome is the fact that under denosumab therapy a histological change of the lesions can be seen and there are first reports of sarcomas arising after therapy. When diagnosing giant cell-rich lesions, pathologists should be aware of the various differential diagnoses and morphological spectrum within GCTB.
PMID: 29110035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]