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珍しい中型ティラノサウルス類の骨?…北海道 (読売新聞)

北海道大学は20日、北海道芦別市の白亜紀後期(約1億年~約6600万年前)の地層から見つかった恐竜の化石が、ティラノサウルス類の尾の骨である可能性が高いことが分...

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The L444P Gba1 mutation enhances alpha-synuclein induced loss of nigral dopaminergic neurons in mice.

著者 Migdalska-Richards A , Wegrzynowicz M , Rusconi R , Deangeli G , Di Monte DA , Spillantini MG , Schapira AHV
Brain.2017 Oct 01 ; 140(10):2706-2721.
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Mutations in glucocerebrosidase 1 (GBA1) represent the most prevalent risk factor for Parkinson's disease. The molecular mechanisms underlying the link between GBA1 mutations and Parkinson's disease are incompletely understood. We analysed two aged (24-month-old) Gba1 mouse models, one carrying a knock-out mutation and the other a L444P knock-in mutation. A significant reduction of glucocerebrosidase activity was associated with increased total alpha-synuclein accumulation in both these models. Gba1 mutations alone did not alter the number of nigral dopaminergic neurons nor striatal dopamine levels. We then investigated the effect of overexpression of human alpha-synuclein in the substantia nigra of aged (18 to 21-month-old) L444P Gba1 mice. Following intraparenchymal injections of human alpha-synuclein carrying viral vectors, pathological accumulation of phosphorylated alpha-synuclein occurred within the transduced neurons. Stereological counts of nigral dopaminergic neurons revealed a significantly greater cell loss in Gba1-mutant than wild-type mice. These results indicate that Gba1 deficiency enhances neuronal vulnerability to neurodegenerative processes triggered by increased alpha-synuclein expression.
PMID: 28969384 [PubMed - in process]
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