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Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with new mechanisms of action are emerging as promising agents for patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Of these, anti-CD38 antibodies and anti-signaling lymphocytic activation molecule F7 (SLAMF7) antibody have demonstrated efficacy for relapsed and refractory myeloma (RRMM). Two CD38-targeting antibodies, daratumumab and isatuximab had significant activity as single agents, whereas the SLAMF7-targeting antibody, elotuzumab, did not. Patients with RRMM treated with 16 mg/kg daratumumab achieved at least PR of 36% and 29% in two distinct phase 2 studies. More favorable results of phase 3 study of 16 mg/kg daratumumab with lenalidomide and dexamethasone revealed that 92.9% of patients with RRMM achieved at least partial response (PR), with a 43.1% complete response (CR) rate. The median PFS was better in daratumumab arm (Not Reached) than control arm (18.4 months). When combined with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone, elotuzumab, at a dose of 10 mg/kg, improved the median PFS from 14.9 months to 19.4 months in a phase 3 study named ELOQUENT-2. In addition to IMiDs, bortezomib was a hopeful partner. Regarding toxicity, these mAbs are tolerable even in elderly patients. The most common adverse event is an infusion-related reaction. Based on several published reports, we suggest that mAbs combined with standard agents could be successfully adapted for the treatment of newly diagnosed patients with MM.
PMID: 28883263 [PubMed - in process]