Macrolides have anti-inflammatory effects and have been used to treat diffuse panbronchiolitis, bronchiectasis, and cystic fibrosis. Lately, several cases of cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) and radiotherapy-related organizing pneumonia (OP) that were successfully treated with macrolides considering their anti-inflammatory effects were reported. We report three cases of OP associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) successfully treated with clarithromycin (CAM) and prednisolone (PSL). Case 1: A 70-year-old woman suffering from RA was admitted with cough and severe dyspnea. She was diagnosed with OP associated with RA on the basis of computed tomography (CT) findings and transbronchial lung biopsy results. She was successfully treated with PSL and cyclosporine A. At the exacerbation of OP, she was successfully treated with CAM and PSL. Case 2: A 74-year-old man suffering from COP visited our department with arthralgia and articular swellings. He was diagnosed with RA, which was thought to be associated with OP. He was successfully treated with CAM and PSL. Case 3: A 54-year-old man suffering from RA presented with an exacerbation of arthralgia and articular swellings and cough. He was diagnosed with OP associated with RA on the basis of CT findings. He was successfully treated with CAM and PSL. The present cases suggest that CAM and PSL treatment may be effective in some cases of OP associated with RA.
PMID: 28867755 [PubMed - in process]