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The impact of citrate concentration on adhesion of platelets and leukocytes to adsorbents in whole blood lipoprotein apheresis.

著者 Weiss R , Fischer MB , Weber V
J Clin Apher.2017 Dec ; 32(6):375-383.
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Lipoprotein apheresis is applied to deplete low density lipoprotein and other apolipoprotein B containing lipoproteins in patients with severe familial hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia associated pancreatitis, or lipoprotein (a)-hyperlipoproteinemia. Anticoagulation of the extracorporeal circuit may influence cellular activation, as evidenced by a reduction of inflammatory parameters during regional citrate anticoagulation with acid citrate dextrose A (ACD-A) commonly used in whole blood lipid apheresis. While the citrate concentration in the extracorporeal circuit has to ensure efficient anticoagulation, citrate infusion into the patient should be limited to avoid citrate overload. We assessed the influence of citrate concentration on cellular activation during in vitro circulation of whole blood containing 2.8 mM citrate (ACD-A 1:40), 5.6 mM citrate (ACD-A 1:20), or 13 mM citrate over polyacrylate-based adsorbents for lipoprotein apheresis. We found increased platelet adhesion for anticoagulation with 2.8 mM citrate as compared to 5.6 or 13 mM citrate, as shown by cell counting and confirmed by scanning electron microscopy of adsorbent beads as well as by elevated levels of platelet activation markers and of platelet-derived microvesicles. Leukocytes showed an equivalent adhesion pattern, while red blood cells remained unaffected at all citrate concentrations. Passage of blood over two consecutive columns resulted in enhanced platelet adhesion to the second column, presumably due to upstream preactivation. In conclusion, citrate influences activation and adhesion of platelets and leukocytes in a concentration-dependent manner, and ACD-A 1:20, equivalent to a citrate concentration of 5.6 mM in whole blood, ensures minimal cellular activation during passage of whole blood over polyacrylate-based adsorbents.
PMID: 27859540 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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