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Highly durable organic electrode for sodium-ion batteries via a stabilized α-C radical intermediate.

著者 Wu S , Wang W , Li M , Cao L , Lyu F , Yang M , Wang Z , Shi Y , Nan B , Yu S , Sun Z , Liu Y , Lu Z
Nat Commun.2016 Nov 07 ; 7():13318.
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It is a challenge to prepare organic electrodes for sodium-ion batteries with long cycle life and high capacity. The highly reactive radical intermediates generated during the sodiation/desodiation process could be a critical issue because of undesired side reactions. Here we present durable electrodes with a stabilized α-C radical intermediate. Through the resonance effect as well as steric effects, the excessive reactivity of the unpaired electron is successfully suppressed, thus developing an electrode with stable cycling for over 2,000 cycles with 96.8% capacity retention. In addition, the α-radical demonstrates reversible transformation between three states: C=C; α-C·radical; and α-C(-) anion. Such transformation provides additional Na(+) storage equal to more than 0.83 Na(+) insertion per α-C radical for the electrodes. The strategy of intermediate radical stabilization could be enlightening in the design of organic electrodes with enhanced cycling life and energy storage capability.
PMID: 27819293 [PubMed - in process]
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