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pH-Responsive mineralized nanoparticles as stable nanocarriers for intracellular nitric oxide delivery.

著者 Lee HJ , Kim DE , Park DJ , Choi GH , Yang DN , Heo JS , Lee SC
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces.2016 May 16 ; 146():1-8.
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We describe a calcium carbonate (CaCO3) mineralization approach to generate pH-responsive nanocarriers that can stably load S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and dissolve at acidic endosomes to trigger intracellular release of nitric oxide (NO). GSNO-loaded CaCO3-mineralized nanoparticles (GSNO-MNPs) were prepared by an anionic block copolymer (PEG-Poly(l-aspartic acid))-templated mineralization. Ionic GSNO could be loaded in situ inside the CaCO3 core during the mineralization process. The stability of GSNO shielded within the crystalline CaCO3 core was greatly enhanced. The GSNO-MNPs triggered NO release at endosomal pH and an intracellular ascorbic acid level. Confocal microscopy demonstrated that the GSNO-MNPs could be dissolved at endosomal environments to release GSNO and sequentially generate NO through the GSNO reduction in the cytosol. In vitro cell experiments demonstrated that NO release by the GSNO-MNPs efficiently improved therapeutic activity of doxorubicin (DOX).
PMID: 27240199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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