Real-time multiplex PCR for simultaneous detection of Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella, Shigella and Yersinia species in fecal samples.
, Loderstaedt U
, von Wulffen H
, Priesnitz S
, Fischer M
, Tannich E
, Hagen RM
Department for Tropical Medicine at the Bernhard Nocht Institute, Bundeswehr Hospital Hamburg, Bernhard-Nocht-Strasse 74, 20359 Hamburg, Germany.
Diarrheal diseases due to notifiable bacterial infections require rapid diagnosis of the causative pathogens. To facilitate detection, a real-time multiplex PCR was developed that identifies common diarrhea-causing bacteria in fecal samples. On the basis of published sequence data, sets of primers and probes were designed that were specific for Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella, Shigella/enteroinvasive Escherichia coli EIEC, and Yersinia species, suitable for use in a one-tube PCR assay. The assay was assessed using a list of 137 well-defined intestinal bacterial strains or isolates. Furthermore, 393 routine clinical stool samples were analyzed, and the results of real-time multiplex PCR were compared with those obtained by established microbiological methods. The PCR yielded results within 3h including DNA purification. No false-positive signals or cross-reactions were observed. The analytical sensitivity was 10(3)cfumL(-1) for Campylobacter jejuni, 10(4)cfumL(-1) for Salmonella, and 10(5)cfumL(-1) for Shigella/EIEC and Yersinia, respectively. Compared with culture, PCR detected 79 out of 81 Campylobacter jejuni (97.5%), 71 out of 74 Salmonella (96%), 8 out of 8 Shigella (100%), and 10 out of 10 Yersinia-positive (100%) clinical samples. In culture-negative samples (n=192), PCR additionally detected 2 Shigella, 1 Salmonella, and 5 Campylobacter jejuni infections. Thus, the new real-time multiplex PCR provides reliable results within a short time and might be useful as an additional diagnostic tool whenever time is important in the diagnosis of enteropathogenic bacteria.
PMID: 21855409 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]