Application of the extended RSA models in studies of particle deposition at partially covered surfaces.
Advances in colloid and interface science
This paper reviews the application of the extended random sequential adsorption (RSA) approaches to the modeling of colloid-particle deposition (irreversible adsorption) on surfaces precovered with smaller particles. Hard (noninteracting) particle systems are discussed first. We report on the numerical simulations we performed to determine the available surface function, jamming coverage, and pair-correlation function of the larger particles. We demonstrate the effect of the particle size ratio and the small particle surface coverage. We found that the numerical results were in reasonable agreement with the formula stemming from the scaled-particle theory in 2D with a modification for the sphere geometry. Next, we discuss three approximate models of adsorption allowing electrostatic interaction of colloid particles at a charged interface, employing a many-body superposition approximation. We describe two approaches of the effective hard-particle approximation next. We demonstrate the application of the effective hard-particle concept to the bimodal systems and present the effect of electrolyte concentration on the effective particle size ratio. We present the numerical results obtained from the theoretical models of soft-particle adsorption at precovered surfaces. We used the effective hard-particle approximation to determine the corresponding simpler systems of particles, namely the system of hard spheres and the system of hard discs at equilibrium. We performed numerical computations to determine the effective minimum particle surface-to-surface distance, available surface function, jamming coverage, and pair-correlation function of the larger particles at various electrolyte ionic strengths and particle size ratios. The numerical results obtained in the low-surface coverage limit were in good agreement with the formula stemming from the scaled-particle theory with a modification for the sphere geometry and electrostatic interaction. We compared the results of numerical computations of the effective minimum particle surface-to-surface distance obtained using the 2D, 3D, and curvilinear trajectory model. The results obtained with the 3D and curvilinear trajectory models indicate that large-particle/substrate attractive interaction significantly reduces the kinetic barrier to large, charged-particle adsorption at a surface precovered with small, like-charged particles. The available surface function and jamming-coverage values predicted using the simplified 3D and the more sophisticated curvilinear trajectory models are similar, while the results obtained with the 2D model differ significantly. The pair-correlation function suggests different structures of monolayers obtained with the three models. Unlike the three models of the electrostatic interaction, both effective hard-particle approximations give almost identical results. Results of this research clearly suggest that the extended RSA approaches can fruitfully be exploited for numerical simulations of colloid-particle adsorption at precovered surfaces, allowing the investigation of both hard and soft-particle systems.
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