Quality of life following radical surgical treatment of gastric carcinoma.

Thybusch-Bernhardt A , Schmidt C , Küchler T , Schmid A , Henne-Bruns D , Kremer B
World journal of surgery
Quality of life (QOL) in patients with gastric cancer who underwent total gastrectomy has so far not been studied using the EORTC QLQ-C30 (Quality of Life Core Questionnaire of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer) as a standardized European QOL instrument. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of radical procedures such as extensive lymph node resection and combined resection of adjacent organs on patients' QOL. From 1992 to 1996, 152 patients underwent total gastrectomy. All patients alive on July 1, 1996 were included in the study (77/152). For assessing QOL, the EORTC QOL questionnaire QLQ-C30 version 2.0 and a validated gastric cancer module were sent home to the patients for self-completion. The response rate was 91%. It was possible to evaluate the questionnaires of 62 patients who had undergone resection with curative intent including 13 extended gastrectomies (21%). Of the 62 resections, 50 were combined with D2 lymphadenectomy (80.6%). The global health status was not negatively influenced by D2 lymphadenectomy and extended gastrectomy. Patients with splenectomy were more affected by treatment than patients without splenectomy. Radical gastrectomy combined with D2 lymphadenectomy is the treatment of choice for gastric cancer patients, concerning not just survival but QOL as well.

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